Gastric cancer is caused when there are malignant cells found along the stomach lining. This type of cancer can be developed due to stomach diseases, age or even diet. The main symptoms of stomach cancer are feeling discomfort, paint and indigestion. There are various tests that allow you to diagnose this condition. However, there are prognosis and treatment options available for this.
There are five stages of gastric cancer. There are three ways in which cancer cells can spread in the body through blood, tissues and the lymph system.
The malignant cells
The stomach, which is in the shape of J, is located in the upper abdomen and is part of the digestive system. All food that passes through your mouth to your blood stream goes through the stomach. The stomach and the oesophagus is part of the upper digestive system. The stomach wall has five layers starting from the innermost layer, which is mucosa, to submucosa, to muscle to connective tissues known as subserosa and serosa. Gastric cancer cells begin in the innermost layer, mucosa, and then will spread through the rest of the layers.
Stomach diseases, age and diet
Risk factors do not guarantee that you will get a cancer and not having risk factors does not mean that you will not get cancer. You should always meet your doctor or make an appointment at a gastric cancer surgery Singapore based which will help you ensure that you are in the clear.
Some of the risks are eating food with high amounts of salt or not have been prepared properly, being older, cigarettes smoking and having immediate family that have stomach cancer.
Signs and symptoms of gastric cancer
The early signs of stomach cancer can be noticed by the stomach discomfort, indigestion, stomach bloating, nausea, which is mild, appetite loss, and heartburn. The advanced stages will show the following signs where there’s a bit of blood in the stool, weight loss, vomiting, pain in the stomach, eyes and skin yellowing, a fluid being built in the abdomen and having trouble swallowing.
There are seven famous types of examinations and tests that will help diagnose gastric cancer; the history and a physical examination, study of the blood chemistry, complete blood count, upper endoscopy, swallowing barium, CAT scan and a biopsy. However, during the staging process, there are five examinations that will help: CAT scan, endoscopic ultrasound, MRI, PET scan and laparoscopy.